How to get your driving license recognized in Quebec?

October 23, 2023

Changing countries can be an exciting adventure, but also full of challenges, especially when it comes to the legality of driving. If you’re wondering, “How do I get my driver’s license recognized in Quebec?”, look no further. This detailed guide provides all the necessary information, from the basics of license recognition to the importance of refresher courses, including practical tips for navigating this process without hassle.

The Basics of Recognizing Foreign Licenses in Quebec

Recognizing your foreign license is crucial for legally driving and avoiding legal complications in Quebec. Without this recognition, you could face fines or even a driving ban.
Quebec has reciprocity agreements with several countries, allowing for a simplified conversion of the driver’s license. These agreements exempt you from certain tests normally required to obtain a local license.

The SAAQ (Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec) has reciprocity agreements for driver’s license conversion with several countries. However, the list of countries can change over time due to new agreements or policy changes. Here is a list of countries with which Quebec had reciprocity agreements, dating from January 2022 :

  • Germany
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • France
  • Great Britain
  • Northern Ireland
  • Ireland
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • Switzerland
  • South Korea
  • Luxembourg
  • Portugal
  • United States
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Australia
  • Spain
  • Monaco
  • New Zealand

For holders of driver’s licenses from countries not included in this list, additional steps are generally required to obtain a Quebec driver’s license, including passing theoretical and practical exams.
Before starting the procedure, make sure you meet the prerequisites, such as having a valid license, residing in Quebec, and providing all the necessary documents to support your application.


The Procedure for Converting or Recognizing a Driver’s License

The Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ) is responsible for converting foreign driver’s licenses into Quebec licenses. Here are the general steps you will need to follow, but note that specific requirements may vary based on your country of origin and your status in Quebec.

Check your eligibility:

  • You must be a resident of Quebec to exchange a foreign license.
  • Your license must be valid, or if it’s expired, it should not have been so for more than three years.
  • Some countries have reciprocity agreements with Quebec, which makes the exchange easier. Others do not, and in these cases, additional steps, such as a driving test, may be necessary.

Gather the necessary documents:

  • Your original driver’s license, as well as an official translation in French or English if the license is in another language.
  • Proof of residence in Quebec.
  • Proof of identity (such as your passport).
  • Quebec Acceptance Certificate (CAQ), study permit, work permit, or proof of permanent resident status, depending on your situation.
  • Any additional document that might be required based on your country of origin.

Make an appointment with the SAAQ:

You can generally make an appointment online or by phone. It is recommended to do so as the procedures can take time.

Attend your appointment:

  • Bring all your documents, and be prepared to surrender your foreign driver’s license, as you will often be asked to give it up in exchange for the Quebec license.
  • You will need to pay a fee for the conversion.

Meet additional requirements if necessary:

  • If you come from a country without a reciprocity agreement, you may need to take a vision test, a theoretical exam, and/or a practical driving test.

Remember that rules and procedures can change. So, it’s always good to check the SAAQ website or contact them directly for up-to-date information specific to your situation.

The Waiting Period and the Results

The waiting period to receive your Quebec driver’s license after completing all the necessary steps can vary. Here’s what you can expect:

Temporary License: At your appointment with the SAAQ, if you have met all the requirements, you should receive a temporary driver’s license. This document will allow you to drive legally in Quebec while waiting to receive your permanent license. The temporary license is generally valid for a period of 90 days.

Permanent License : The timeframe for receiving your permanent driver’s license by mail can vary. Usually, it takes a few weeks — often between 3 and 6 weeks — after your appointment at the SAAQ. This period can vary based on several factors, including the volume of applications processed by the SAAQ and postal delays.


What to Do in Case of Rejection?

If your application for conversion of a foreign driver’s license is denied by the SAAQ, here are the steps you can follow:

Understand the Reason for Rejection

The first step is to determine why your application was rejected. The SAAQ must provide you with an explanation of the reasons for the rejection. This could be due to a lack of documentation, an inability to verify your driving experience, issues with your residency status, or other reasons.

Address the Missing Requirements

If your application was rejected due to missing or insufficient documents, you might be able to submit the required documents or correct the documents previously submitted.

Reassessment or Appeal

If you believe your application was unfairly rejected, you can request a reassessment of your case or appeal the decision. You should be informed of your right to appeal and the procedure to follow in the communication indicating that your application was rejected.

Take the Required Tests

If the rejection is due to the absence of a reciprocity agreement between Quebec and your country of origin, you may need to take the theoretical and/or practical tests required by the SAAQ to obtain a Quebec driver’s license. You can find courses recognized by the SAAQ at our Somerled driving school. Check our rates here.

Advanced Driving Class

Advanced driving class are not mandatory but are highly recommended. They prepare you for any potential driving tests and familiarize you with Quebec’s road rules. These courses can greatly increase your chances of passing any required driving exam, providing you with the necessary knowledge and confidence.

Choose a reputable driving school that offers advanced courses tailored to your needs. Ensure it is accredited and has good reviews.

Costs can vary depending on the school and the type of course. Consider this an investment in your safety and success.



Getting your foreign driver’s license recognized in Quebec is a process that requires preparation and patience. From understanding reciprocity agreements to the importance of refresher courses, each step is crucial for a smooth transition to driving in your new home. By avoiding common mistakes and using available resources, you can navigate this process with confidence and safety. Safe travels!